We stock the finest range of Koi Foods and we constantly review and revise our range as the best manufacturers are always striving to improve their food recipes to provide Koi Keepers with the very best nutrition for their fish.
You will see that our extensive selection of Koi Foods has been carefully selected from the top Japanese and UK manufacturers, in a broad range of prices. We feel that the Koi Food we have on our shelves is one of the very few things in life in which the price has a direct corellation to the quality of the product i.e. the more you pay, the better quality it is.
In the wild, Common Carp commonly inhabit lakes, ponds or slow moving waters with high biological productivity. Due to excessive nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, these water bodies are able to support an abundance of aquatic plants and have soft, vegetative sediments. Although Common Carp can exist on a vegetarian diet of water plants, they are omnivorous and prefer to scavenge the bottom sediments for insects, crustaceans, zooplankton, crawfish, and benthic worms.
So, sediment on the bottom of your Koi pond and maybe 15 fish in a 1 acre pond.
Thankfully this is not necessary with modern Koi foods which are highly researched and include some or all of the natural food sources mentioned above but in a convenient, nourishing, pellet form.
Our Koi are not warm blooded but are “Poikilotherms”, meaning that their body temperature is the same as the water surrounding them. This is the reason why we must feed them different foods at different times of the year so that the enzymes in their digestives systems are able to cope.
At very low temperatures our Koi have virtually stopped their metabolism and there is no enzyme activity to break down food so we must stop feeding. The water temperature (Not Air Temperature) is the overriding factor in this and it depends on the manufacturer as to what the recommended temperature is, eg Takazumi Vital is 4°C and Saki Hikari Multi Season is 5°C.
It is pointless, and can be dangerous, to feed Koi at water temperatures lower than this.
Never over feed !
Remember, feeding less is always better than feeding too much. If you overfeed your Koi then you may overwhelm the filter system, the water quality will become unacceptable and your Koi will suffer.
This situation, if not addressed quickly, will lead to fatalities !
Observe your Koi carefully and if they are loosing weight and volume then increase the amount of food a little.
Always control the amount fed so there is no leftover food after the feeding period. If you find leftovers, remove them immediately to avoid water quality problems.
For new environments, please reduce the feeding amount until your filtration system has completely cycled and developed adequate bacteria levels.
If something unusual happens (a sudden water temperature change, unstable water quality or illness) you should stop feeding completely or reduce the amount fed until the condition is corrected.
Special care should be taken during the spring when you restart your feeding routine. Use only easily digested diets, like Hikari Wheat-Germ increasing the amount fed little by little until you are feeding the amount you feel fits your situation. This helps your pets effectively reactivate their digestive process.
|Temperature ||Suggested Feeding
Feed no more than 2 times daily
(no more than 4 times daily for small koi)
At higher water temperatures koi can lose their appetite. Feed smaller amounts of an easily digested food if your fish are in good condition. Try to reduce the water temperature by providing shelter from direct sunlight. Baby koi are less affected by higher water temperatures and can be fed small amounts more often.
Feed 2 to 4 times daily or more in smaller amounts
Koi are most active in this temperature range. You can feed as often as you like with color enhancing, growth or staple diets. Feeding smaller amounts more often can actually increase weight and girth more rapidly. Always monitor your water quality and the activity level when deciding how much to feed. Always avoid feeding within one hour of sunrise or sunset.
Feed 1 to 2 times daily
Carefully monitor your pets activity level in this temperature range. As the water temperature drops so does your koi’s digestive capacity. Care should be taken to avoid over-feeding and offering food during periods of inactivity. Always feed during the warmest part of the day if your water temperature is not stable.
Feed no more than 2 times daily
When your water temperature is in this range you should monitor your koi’s activity level carefully and avoid feeding if your pets do not readily eat. Use only easily digested diets and try to feed between 10:00 am and 2:00 pm if possible.
Feed no more than 2 to 3 times times weekly
When the water temperature is in this range, technically you may stop feeding until spring. If your koi are active and you want you can feed an amount they will consume within a minute or so, but never more. Always try to feed between 10:00 am and 2:00 pm.
Your koi should be in their hibernation mode now and no feeding is necessary.